allove 发表于 2008-2-28 22:11:49

维兹拉犬(Vizsla)AKC标准及简介

<STRONG><SPAN style="FLOAT: right"></SPAN>[维兹拉犬简介]</STRONG>
<P>维兹拉犬是一种中等体型的短毛猎犬,相貌和姿势高贵。精力充沛且结构轻盈一些比较好;被毛是有魅力的金锈色。这种狗在野外显得非常有力且驱动力强大,但在家庭中,却是容易调教的、挚爱的伴侣犬。需要重点强调的是能适应野外工作的被毛,尽可能强健而发达的肌肉,伤疤是工作犬及猎犬光荣的象征,不属于缺陷。其品质使他成为“双重”狗,这是值得赞赏的,不能作为缺陷。</P><BR><STRONG>[维兹拉犬的体型]</STRONG>
<P>雄性的理想肩高为22~24英寸(56-61cm);雌性的理想肩高为21~23英寸(53-58cm)。由于维兹拉犬是一种中等体型的猎犬,所以误差超过1.5英寸(3.8cm)以上都属于失格。</P><STRONG>[维兹拉犬的气质]</STRONG>
<P>一种自然的猎犬,有良好的嗅觉,且接受训练的能力高于一般水平。活泼、温和而守规矩,明确显示出挚爱和敏感,而且非常勇敢,具有保护的本能。羞怯、胆小或神经质都属于缺陷。</P><STRONG>[维兹拉犬的头部]</STRONG>
<P>倾斜而肌肉发达。脑袋:在耳朵之间略宽,中心线向前延伸到前额。前脸与脑袋之间的止部适中,不深。从轮廓上观察,前脸或口吻:长度与脑袋的长度大致相同,或略短,口吻呈锥形,从止部到鼻尖方向逐渐变窄。口吻呈四方形,且深。既不向上翘,而形成所谓的“盘子”脸,也不向下倾斜。胡须具有一定的功能,可以去处,但不是首选。鼻孔:略微张开。鼻镜为褐色。其他任何颜色都属于缺陷。完全为黑色的鼻镜属于失格。耳朵:薄,柔滑而长(符合比例),耳廓末端圆,位置低,且贴近面颊。颌部:结实而非常发达的白牙齿,剪状咬和。眼睛:中等大小,位置较深,周围围绕着薄薄的白色。眼睛的颜色与被毛颜色相称。黄色或其他任何颜色都属于缺陷。突出的眼睛属于失格。下眼睑既不向内翻,也不向外翻,因为这样会使草籽或灰尘落进眼睛。嘴唇:完全覆盖下颌,但既不松弛,也不下垂。</P><STRONG>[维兹拉犬的颈部、背线、身躯]</STRONG>
<P>颈部:结实、平顺且肌肉发达,中等长度,圆拱且没有赘肉,向适度向后倾斜的肩胛方向逐渐变宽。这是必须的,与有棱角的后躯保持平衡。身躯:结实且非常匀称。背部短。马肩隆是背线上最高的,背线略微圆拱,越过腰部,在尾根处结束。胸部宽度适中,深,延伸到肘部。肋骨支撑良好;下腹曲线在腰部下方适度上提。尾巴:位于臀部水平线下,根部粗,断尾,切除1/3。理想的长度能延伸到膝关节后方,姿势接近水平。未曾断尾属于缺陷。</P><STRONG>[维兹拉犬的前躯]</STRONG>
<P>肩胛骨相当长(按比例)且宽,适度向后倾斜,顶端非常靠近。前肢直而肌肉发达,肘部贴近身躯。足爪类似猫足,圆而紧凑,脚趾紧密。趾甲褐色,且短。脚垫厚实而坚硬。如果有狼爪,必须切除(前肢和后肢)。兔足属于缺陷。</P><STRONG>[维兹拉犬的后躯]</STRONG>
<P>后肢:大腿非常发达,膝关节角度适中,飞节与适度向后倾斜的肩胛骨相互平衡。从后面观察,他们必须非常直。飞节角度太大或角度太小都属于缺陷。飞节位置低,且彼此平行。</P><STRONG>[维兹拉犬的被毛]</STRONG>
<P>短、平顺、浓密且平贴着,没有羊毛质的底毛。明显很长的被毛属于失格。</P><STRONG>[维兹拉犬的颜色]</STRONG>
<P>不同深浅的纯金锈色。纯深桃木红色或苍白色黄属于缺陷。胸部出现的白色越小越好,脚趾出现白色是允许的。白色延伸到脚趾以上,或除了前胸以外的其他任何地方出现白色都属于失格。当他自然站立时,从前面观察,前胸的白色必须被限制在胸骨上端到肘部之间的范围内。白色延伸到肩胛或颈部属于失格。由于年老而出现的白色毛发不属于缺陷。被毛上任何可察觉的黑色区域都属于严重缺陷。</P><STRONG>[维兹拉犬的步态]</STRONG>
<P>伸展充分,脚步轻盈,平顺而优美。当他快速奔跑时,结构正确的狗会趋向于单一轨迹。</P><STRONG>[维兹拉犬的失格]</STRONG>
<P>完全为黑色的鼻镜。<BR>白色延伸到脚趾以上,或除了前胸以外的其他任何地方出现白色。<BR>白色延伸到肩胛或颈部<BR>显很长的被毛<BR>雄性肩高超过25.5英寸(65cm)或低于20.5英寸(52cm);雌性肩高超过24.5英寸(62cm)或低于19.5英寸(50cm)。</P>[以下为维兹拉犬(Vizsla)AKC标准英文原版]<BR>
<H2>Vizsla Breed Standard</H2><BR><STRONG>General Appearance</STRONG> <BR>That of a medium-sized short-coated hunting dog of distinguished appearance and bearing. Robust but rather lightly built; the coat is an attractive solid golden rust. This is a dog of power and drive in the field yet a tractable and affectionate companion in the home. It is strongly emphasized that field conditioned coats, as well as brawny or sinewy muscular condition and honorable scars indicating a working and hunting dog are never to be penalized in this dog. The qualities that make a "dual dog" are always to be appreciated, not deprecated. <BR><BR><STRONG>Head</STRONG> <BR>Lean and muscular. <EM>Skull</EM> moderately wide between the ears with a median line down the forehead. Stop between skull and foreface is moderate, not deep. Foreface or <EM>muzzle</EM> is of equal length or slightly shorter than skull when viewed in profile, should taper gradually from stop to tip of nose. Muzzle square and deep. It must not turn up as in a "dish" face nor should it turn down. Whiskers serve a functional purpose; their removal is permitted but not preferred. Nostrils slightly open. Nose brown. Any other color is faulty. <EM>A totally black nose is a disqualification.</EM> <EM>Ears</EM>, thin, silky and proportionately long, with rounded-leather ends, set fairly low and hanging close to cheeks. <EM>Jaws</EM> are strong with well developed white teeth meeting in a scissors bite. <EM>Eyes</EM> medium in size and depth of setting, their surrounding tissue covering the whites. Color of the iris should blend with the color of the coat. Yellow or any other color is faulty. Prominent pop-eyes are faulty. Lower eyelids should neither turn in nor out since both conditions allow seeds and dust to irritate the eye. <EM>Lips</EM> cover the jaws completely but are neither loose nor pendulous. <BR><BR><STRONG>Neck and Body</STRONG> <BR><EM>Neck</EM> strong, smooth and muscular, moderately long, arched and devoid of dewlap, broadening nicely into shoulders which are moderately laid back. This is mandatory to maintain balance with the moderately angulated hindquarters. <EM>Body</EM> is strong and well proportioned. Back short. Withers high and the <EM>topline</EM> slightly rounded over the loin to the set on of the tail. <EM>Chest</EM> moderately broad and deep reaching down to the elbows. Ribs well-sprung; underline exhibiting a slight tuck-up beneath the loin. <EM>Tail</EM> set just below the level of the croup, thicker at the root and docked one-third off. Ideally, it should reach to the back of the stifle joint and be carried at or near the horizontal. An undocked tail is faulty.<BR><BR><STRONG>Forequarters<BR></STRONG><EM>Shoulder</EM> blades proportionately long and wide sloping moderately back and fairly close at the top. <EM>Forelegs</EM> straight and muscular with elbows close. Feet cat-like, round and compact with toes close. Nails brown and short. Pads thick and tough. Dewclaws, if any, to be removed on front and rear feet. Hare feet are faulty.<BR><BR><STRONG>Hindquarters</STRONG> <BR><EM>Hind legs</EM> have well developed thighs with moderately angulated stifles and hocks in balance with the moderately laid back shoulders. They must be straight as viewed from behind. Too much angulation at the hocks is as faulty as too little. The hocks are let down and parallel to each other. <BR><BR><STRONG>Coat</STRONG> <BR>Short, smooth, dense and close-lying, without woolly undercoat. <EM>A distinctly long coat is a disqualification.<BR></EM><BR><STRONG>Color</STRONG><BR>Solid golden rust in different shadings. Solid dark mahogany red and pale yellow are faulty. White on the forechest, preferably as small as possible, and white on the toes are permissible. <EM>Solid white extending above the toes or white anywhere else on the dog except the forechest is a disqualification.</EM> When viewing the dog from the front, white markings on the forechest must be confined to an area from the top of the sternum to a point between the elbows when the dog is standing naturally. <EM>White extending on the shoulders or neck is a disqualification.</EM> White due to aging shall not be faulted. Any noticable area of black in the coat is a serious fault.<BR><BR><STRONG>Gait</STRONG><BR>Far reaching, light footed, graceful and smooth. When moving at a fast trot, a properly built dog single tracks.<BR><BR><STRONG>Size</STRONG><BR>The ideal male is 22 to 24 inches at the highest point over the shoulder blades. The ideal female is 21 to 23 inches. Because the Vizsla is meant to be a medium-sized hunter, any dog measuring more than 1&frac12; inches over or under these limits must be disqualified.<BR><BR><STRONG>Temperament</STRONG><BR>A natural hunter endowed with a good nose and above-average ability to take training. Lively, gentle-mannered, demonstrably affectionate and sensitive though fearless with a well developed protective instinct. Shyness, timidity or nervousness should be penalized.<BR><BR><STRONG>Disqualifications</STRONG> <BR><EM>Completely black nose.<BR>Solid white extending above the toes or white anywhere else on the dog except the forechest.<BR>White extending on the shoulders or neck.<BR>A distinctly long coat.<BR>Any male over 25&frac12; inches, or under 20&frac12; inches and any female over 24&frac12; inches or under 19&frac12; inches at the highest point over the shoulder blades.</EM><BR><BR><STRONG>Approved December 11, 1995</STRONG><BR><STRONG>Effective January 31, 1996</STRONG>
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