allove 发表于 2008-3-1 16:29:23

克伦伯猎鹬犬(Clumber Spaniel)AKC标准及简介

<STRONG><SPAN style="FLOAT: right"></SPAN>克伦伯猎鹬犬简介</STRONG>
<P>&nbsp;&nbsp; 克伦伯猎鹬犬是一种长、矮、坚实的狗。他沉重的眉毛,深深的胸部、笔直的前腿、有力的后躯,充足的骨量、和漂亮的足爪,使他有力量和耐力在追击时穿过浓密的灌木丛。他的白色被毛使他在猎枪射击范围内工作时,很容易被猎手看见。他的态度威严,表情象是在沉思,但与此同时,他也表现出喜爱工作和玩耍。</P><STRONG>克伦伯猎鹬犬的体型</STRONG>
<P>&nbsp;&nbsp; 克伦伯猎鹬犬外形呈矩形,拥有沉重的骨骼结构,外貌显得非常有力。雄性理想的肩高约为18~20英寸;雌性的理想肩高约为17~19英寸。从马肩隆到尾根的距离与肩高的理想比例大约为11/9。雄性的体重大约79~85磅;而雌性的体重大约为55~70磅。</P><STRONG>克伦伯猎鹬犬的头部</STRONG>
<P>&nbsp;&nbsp; 头部厚重,止部明显,眉毛沉重。脑袋顶部平坦,后枕骨突出。眼睛中间有轻微的凹痕,并向上延伸到脑袋中间。口吻宽而深,可以很容易地叼回各种猎物。鼻镜 大,正方形,颜色为褐色,还包括了米色、玫瑰色和樱桃色。从侧面观察的时候,上唇和上颚非常发达,与下颚交叠,形成矩形外观。剪状咬和为首选。眼睛为深湖 泊色,大,目光柔和。眼睛深陷,眼眶可以是菱形的,也可以下端为“V”字形,上端为曲线形。可以有少量瞬膜外露,但大量瞬膜外露则不合需要。突出的或圆形 的眼睛属于缺陷。眼裂过大、眼睑内翻或眼睑外翻都属于缺陷。耳朵上端宽,耳廓厚实。耳朵呈三角形,底端圆,在脑袋的位置低,接近眼睛所在的水平线。</P><STRONG>克伦伯猎鹬犬的颈部、背线、身躯</STRONG>
<P>&nbsp;&nbsp; 克伦伯猎鹬犬拥有较长的颈部,喉咙处皮肤松弛或有赘肉不属于缺陷。颈部结实且肌肉发达,与向后倾斜的肩胛接合良好。背部直而稳固,长而平。胸部深且肋骨支 撑良好。胸部深而宽。腰部略微圆拱。尾巴上有许多羽状饰毛,位置是背线的下面。需要修剪尾巴上的毛发,保留的部分尽可能少,羽状饰毛需要收拾整齐,以保持 自然的外貌轮廓。尾巴通常平举到背线的位或略高一点,决不能夹在腿中间。尾巴可以是断尾或自然的尾巴,两种情况都可以接受。如果断尾,尾巴的长度需要与整 体比例协调。如果自然的尾巴,尾骨应该延伸到飞节,但不能拖到地面。</P><STRONG>克伦伯猎鹬犬的前躯</STRONG>
<P>&nbsp;&nbsp; 克伦伯猎鹬犬的肩胛向后倾斜。上臂有充足的长度,使肘部可以正好位于马肩隆下方。前肢短、直、且骨量充足,肘部保持贴近身躯。骹骨结实,且略微倾斜。前足爪大,紧凑,脚垫厚实,可以承受巨大的冲击力,并减震吸能。狼爪是否切除是可选的。</P><STRONG>克伦伯猎鹬犬的后躯</STRONG>
<P>&nbsp;&nbsp; 大腿肌肉沉重,且从后面观察时,后躯圆而宽。膝关节显示出良好的角度,飞节到后跟的距离短,且垂直于地面。缺乏角度是很糟糕的。后足爪不象前足爪那么大、那么圆,但非常紧凑,脚垫厚实,非常坚固。</P><STRONG>克伦伯猎鹬犬的被毛</STRONG>
<P>&nbsp;&nbsp; 身躯的被毛浓密、直、且平坦。能很好的抵御恶劣气候,触摸的感觉柔软,不粗糙。耳朵的毛发直,略有羽状饰毛。腿部和腹部的羽状饰毛适中。克伦伯猎鹬犬拥有 良好的颈部装饰,在任何条件下都不能刨除喉咙的毛发。明显的刨除痕迹属于缺陷。足爪的毛发需要修剪整洁,显露出自然的轮廓,并便于在野外工作。后腿飞节以 下部位需要修剪。尾巴上的羽状饰毛需要收拾整齐。是否修剪胡须是可选的。</P><STRONG>克伦伯猎鹬犬的颜色和斑纹</STRONG>
<P>&nbsp;&nbsp; 克伦伯猎鹬犬主要颜色是白色,带有柠檬色或橘色斑纹。斑纹通常出现在一侧或两侧耳朵和脸部。脸部斑纹包括了一个或两个眼睛周围,口吻上的斑点和头顶上的斑 块。带有柠檬色/橘色斑纹的头部和全白的头部是一样的,都可以接受。腿部的雀斑和/或靠近尾根部的斑块也很常见,也可以接受。身体上有很少量的斑纹是可以 接受的。</P><STRONG>克伦伯猎鹬犬的步态</STRONG>
<P>&nbsp;&nbsp; 克伦伯猎鹬犬的动作轻松而舒展,前躯伸展充分,后躯驱动强大,既没有交叉步,也没有肘部外翻的迹象。飞节的驱动方向笔直,既无摇摆,也不扭曲。由于身躯较 宽,且腿比较短,所以步态略呈滚动状。克伦伯猎鹬犬正确的滚动步态出现在比例正确,后腿向前伸展时,趋向于身体中心线,使臀部向下转动,而背部保持平直。 其步态轻松自在,在野外工作时,可以整天维持小跑状态,而不疲惫。</P><STRONG>克伦伯猎鹬犬的气质</STRONG>
<P>&nbsp;&nbsp; 克伦伯猎鹬犬是一种温和、忠诚、挚爱的狗。发自内心的希望取悦与主人。一个聪明而独立的思想家,在工作中显示出果断和独到的见解。他是一种高贵的狗,有时 好象会避开人类,有时又显示出顽皮、友爱的天性。克伦伯猎鹬犬不应该显得有敌意或好斗;既不合需要,也不能被宽恕。</P>[以下为克伦伯猎鹬犬(Clumber Spaniel)AKC标准英文原版]<BR>
<H2>Clumber Spaniel Breed Standard</H2> <STRONG>General Appearance</STRONG><BR>The Clumber Spaniel is a long, low, substantial dog. His heavy brow, deep chest, straight forelegs, powerful hindquarters, massive bone and good feet all give him the power and endurance to move through dense underbrush in pursuit of game. His white coat enables him to be seen by the hunter as he works within gun range. His stature is dignified, his expression pensive, but at the same time he shows great enthusiasm for work and play.<BR><BR><STRONG>Size, Proportion, Substance</STRONG> <BR>The Clumber is rectangular in shape possessing massive bone structure and has the appearance of great power. The ideal height for dogs is 18 to 20 inches at the withers and for bitches is 17 to 19 inches at the withers. The ideal length to height is 11 to 9 measured from the withers to the base of the tail and from the floor to the withers. Dogs weigh between 70 and 85 pounds and bitches weigh between 55 and 70 pounds.<BR><BR><STRONG>Head</STRONG><BR>The head is massive with a marked stop and heavy brow. The top skull is flat with a pronounced occiput. A slight furrow runs between the eyes and up through the center of the skull. The muzzle is broad and deep to facilitate retrieving many species of game. The nose is large, square and colored shades of brown, which include beige, rose and cherry. The flews of the upper jaw are strongly developed and overlap the lower jaw to give a square look when viewed from the side. A scissors bite is preferred. The eyes are dark amber in color, large, soft in expression, and deep set in either a diamond shaped rim or a rim with a "V" on the bottom and a curve on the top. Some haw may show but excessive haw is undesirable. Prominent or round shaped eyes are to be penalized. Excessive tearing or evidence of entropion or ectropion is to be penalized. Ears are broad on top with thick ear leather. The ears are triangular in shape with a rounded lower edge, set low and attached to the skull at approximately eye level.<BR><BR><STRONG>Neck, Topline, Body</STRONG><BR>The Clumber should have a long neck with some slackness of throat or presence of dewlap not to be faulted. The neck is strong and muscular, fitting into a well laid back shoulder. The back is straight, firm, long and level. The brisket is deep and the ribs well sprung. The chest is deep and wide. The loin arches slightly. The tail is well feathered and set on just below the line of back; its trimming minimal, serving to tidy the feathering to allow for a natural appearance and outline. The tail is normally carried level with the topline or slightly elevated, never down between the rear legs. The tail may be docked or left natural, both being of equal value. If docked, the tail's length should be in keeping with the overall proportion of the adult dog. If natural, the tailbone should extend to the point of hock, but should not extend to the ground.<BR><BR><STRONG>Forequarters<BR></STRONG>The Clumber shoulder is well laid back. The upper arm is of sufficient length to place the elbow under the highest point of the shoulder. The forelegs are short, straight and heavy in bone, with elbows held close to the body. Pasterns are strong and only slightly sloped. The front feet are large, compact and have thick pads that act as shock absorbers. Removal of dewclaws is optional.<BR><BR><STRONG>Hindquarters</STRONG><BR>The thighs are heavily muscled and, when viewed from behind, the rear is round and broad. The stifle shows good functional angulation, and hock to heel is short and perpendicular to the ground. Lack of angulation is objectionable. The rear feet are not as large or as round as on the front feet but compact, with thick pads and are of substantial size.<BR><BR><STRONG>Coat</STRONG><BR>The body coat is dense, straight and flat. It is of good weather resistant texture, which is soft to the touch, not harsh. Ears are slightly feathered with straight hair. Feathering on the legs and belly is moderate. The Clumber has a good neck frill and on no condition should his throat be shaved. Evidence of shaving is to be penalized. The hair on the feet should be trimmed neatly to show their natural outline and for utility in the field. The rear legs may be trimmed up to the point of the hock. Tail feathering may be tidied. Trimming of whiskers is optional.<BR><BR><STRONG>Color and Markings</STRONG><BR>The Clumber is primarily a white dog with lemon color or orange color markings. Markings are frequently seen on one or both ears and the face. Facial markings include color around one or both eyes, freckling on the muzzle and a spot on top of the head. A head with lemon/orange markings and an all-white head are of equal value. Freckles on the legs and/or a spot near the root of the tail are also frequently seen and acceptable. The body should have as few markings as possible.<BR><BR><STRONG>Gait</STRONG><BR>The Clumber moves easily and freely with good reach in front and strong drive from behind, neither crossing over nor elbowing out. The hocks drive in a straight line without rocking or twisting. Because of his wide body and short legs he tends to roll slightly. The proper Clumber roll occurs when the dog, with the correct proportion, reaches forward with the rear leg toward the centerline of travel and rotates the hip downward while the back remains level and straight. The gait is comfortable and can be maintained at a steady trot for a day of work in the field without exhaustion.<BR><BR><STRONG>Temperament</STRONG><BR>The Clumber Spaniel is a gentle, loyal and affectionate dog. He possesses an intrinsic desire to please. An intelligent and independent thinker, he displays determination and a strong sense of purpose while at work. A dog of dignity, the Clumber Spaniel may sometimes seem aloof with people unknown to him, but in time he will display his playful and loving nature. The Clumber Spaniel should never be hostile or aggressive; neither is acceptable and should not be condoned.<BR><BR><STRONG>Approved: January 8, 2001</STRONG><BR><STRONG>Effective: March 28, 2001</STRONG>
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